What We Do
Energy Policy Research
We provide advocates and policymakers with equity-centered legal, policy, and quantitative research. The needs of frontline advocates and policymakers inform our research questions. We root our research in specific policy areas, as well as place.
Tools & Training
We offer a range of energy policy and legislative models, as well as transactional tools for the design and structure of energy projects. We also work with frontline partners and policymakers to promote accessibility and understanding of these tools.
Our team assists partners with the design and implementation of energy justice policy, community energy projects, and regulatory advocacy.
Access to Energy
Having access not only to renewable energy, but even being connected to an electrical grid at all, is still an issue for many people, particularly in rural areas and for tribal nations. In addition, communities who do have access to electricity are increasingly facing power outages from disasters or even preemptive shutoffs to prevent wildfires. Within this realm, there is a growing movement to consider energy as a human right to ensure affordable access to renewable energy to every single person.
In the U.S., the primary model of electricity provision is to carve up geographic territories and allow one utility to operate a regulated monopoly in that region. Yet, with the transition to renewables that can be cleaner and more decentralized, stakeholders are questioning these conventional business models and exploring alternatives such as community choice aggregation, municipal utilities, and integrating other innovative players and approaches into the market.
Community solar (or community energy) refers to various approaches to cooperatively generating renewable energy. It is often seen as an alternative to households and business who for one reason or another cannot access rooftop solar. Typically community solar entails offsite, but nearby, generation of electricity that multiple electricity customers share. Equitable community solar also considers issues such as community ownership and control of such resources and whether all communities are fairly accessing and benefiting from projects.
Net Energy Metering/Value of Solar
In most states, net energy metering (NEM) represents a straightforward policy mechanism to encourage rooftop solar by crediting electric customers for any solar energy they produce on their bill. NEM typically refers to a model where the monetary value of this credit is the same as the retail rate the customer would otherwise pay for electricity. Some states are replacing a retail rate NEM credit with a specifically calculated “value of solar” rate that may or may not properly incentivize customers and developers, which poses a risk for an equitable and rapid renewables transition.
100% Renewable Energy Policies
A growing number of cities and states are setting aggressive goals to shift to renewable energy — including a push for reaching or nearing 100% of energy coming from renewable sources. Yet there are many potential pathways for how such goals are achieved in different sectors, including buildings and transportation, as well as how the associated benefits and burdens of this transition play out, particularly for historically disenfranchised communities.